Duration 6 months
Afghanistan is confronting an unprecedented humanitarian crisis with a very real risk of systemic collapse and human catastrophe that threatens to cancel many of the development gains of the last 20 years. The situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated in recent months due to the conflict with the political power shift, COVID-19, and drought.
Following 40 years of war increasing hunger, economic decline, and rising poverty result in the people of Afghanistan faced intensified conflict, the withdrawal of international forces and then the takeover of the country by the Taliban in August. The chilling effect of international sanctions has had a profound impact on the health care system, including specialized services for women and girls. Women with more complex health needs, such as those who are pregnant, have reportedly been facing major access issues. Challenges cited include fear and insecurity, mobility restrictions (use of mahram), long distances to reach health services, lack of safe transportation for women, and lack of trained female staff.
Afghanistan has made significant improvements in maternal health over the past two decades, constantly recording a decreasing maternal mortality ratio (MMR). From a starting average of 1,450 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2000 to 638 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2019. In the current situation and in the absence of any support, the country risks losing all the gains of the past 20 years in the next two years. The situation is worsening during humanitarian crises due to disruption of services, unavailability of service providers, and essential supplies and equipment. It will increase the morbidity and mortality of the affected population, particularly among women and girls.
To address these challenges, the 2022 Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan is requiring USD 4,4Billion to help 22,1 million people. UNFPA as part of the Humanitarian Country Team is seeking USD 251million to respond to the reproductive health and protection needs of 9,3million people in humanitarian needs including women, women, girls and young people. The overall goal of UNFPA’s interventions in the humanitarian context in Afghanistan is to provide lifesaving reproductive health services; and prevent, mitigate and respond to gender-based violence cases among the affected population, including women, girls and young people.
This overall goal is in line with the outcome of the Transitional Engagement Framework [TEF] which aims that by the end of 2022, more people in Afghanistan will have benefitted from life-saving humanitarian assistance that enable them to live in safety and dignity.
CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION:
Role Description: Under the overall supervision of the UNFPA CO Representative, and direct supervision of the GBViE Programme Specialist, the incumbent facilitates the implementation of UNFPA’s GBViE programming in a humanitarian emergency. GBV programming in humanitarian emergencies is multi-sectoral and involves organizations and actors from the displaced and host communities, (I)NGO’s implementing partners, UN agencies, and other national and international organizations that engage in comprehensive prevention and response initiatives in Afghanistan. Key duties include assessment and planning; partnership development; development of/contribute to SOPs/guidelines; training and sensitization; and monitoring, evaluation and reporting, planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of GBViE initiatives will be conducted through the use of available global guidelines and standards and will be in line with UNFPA’s Minimum Standards and Case Management Guideline for Addressing GBV in Emergencies.
MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Programme Development and Implementation
Security Situation Summary in country and main threats: (i.e. armed conflict, terrorism, crime, social unrest, hazard)
The security situation remains volatile, though the number of security incidents has reduced significantly since the takeover of the country by Taliban in mid August, there are still a number of security incidents that have taken place throughout the country, including Kabul. The security level in the country remains HIGH and requires strict compliance with the sustained recommendations issued by UN Integrated Security Workforce (ISW).
The main incidents’ drivers are arrests and crime followed by armed clashes. Security incidents attributable to the Islamic State are on rise. The UN remains vulnerable to crime, intimidation, and threats. Crime rate remains high, mainly due to the ongoing humanitarian and economic crisis. The UN premises in Kabul and in the country have efficient physical security protection. UN Compounds in Kabul host the AFPOs Country Offices and accommodation for only international personnel. The indiscriminate use of IEDs carries a significant risk to UN road movement. The use of armored vehicles for transportation is mandatory for activities outside the UN premises.
All UN personnel on assignment/deployment for more than 3 months in Afghanistan must attend mandatory Safe and Secure Approach to Field Environment (SSAFE) Certification Training.
- Conduct field assessments and/ or situational analyses to determine needs and gaps for GBV prevention and response. Where appropriate, ensure GBV issues are integrated in other key assessments.
- In partnership with relevant UN, national and international NGOs, develop a comprehensive GBV programme in line with available global guidance that adheres to UNFPA’s Minimum Standards for Addressing GBV in Emergencies.
- Orient UNFPA CO staff, implementing partners in planning and implementing GBV programmes related to refugees, IDPs/returnees and host communities.
- Coordinate and facilitate training sessions on GBV in emergencies for front line GBV personnel.
- Oversee the procurement of emergency post-rape kits and other relevant commodities and monitor their distribution and utilization by the end-point user.
- Support the CO to accelerate implementation of activities funded through Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund (AHF) and UNFPA Emergency Response Fund and engage with donors to raise additional programme funds in line with over-arching vision and work plan.
- Conduct capacity development training for UNFPA’s partners and UNFPA staff members on GBV SOPs and guidelines for implementation GBV in Emergencies.
- Facilitate training sessions on GBV in Emergencies for GBViE implementing partners.
- Provide technical support to integrate the most recent GBV international guidelines and standards, including UNFPA Minimum Standards for preventing and responding to GBV in Emergencies and IASC Guidelines for Integrating GBV in Humanitarian Actions).
- Coach and build capacity of relevant staff members as well as staff of implementing partners responding to emergency/humanitarian crisis, as needed.
- Support in strengthening linkages between existing GBViE, SRHR, Adolescent & Youth and Humanitarian programming initiatives of UNFPA to ensure synergies between programmes.
- Lead UNFPA engagement in the GBV Sub Cluster meeting in Kabul.
- Maintain solid working relationships; in collaboration with the GBViE Programme Specialist and UNFPA Representative/Head of Office, provide regular and comprehensive updates related to UNFPA’s progress to address GBV with the UN Country Team, GBV Sub-Cluster, Protection Cluster, PSEA Task Force, and other relevant actors.
- As requested, represent UNFPA in relevant humanitarian coordination bodies, including the GBV Sub Cluster to ensure that GBV issues are adequately considered in the context of the humanitarian response efforts.
Qualifications and Skills Required
- Monitor GBViE assistance provided by UNFPA through implementing partners to crisis affected populations.
- Monitor UNFPA’s GBViE programme activities by keeping a close record of activities, such as capacity building, expenditures and Annual Work Plans (AWPs) of the GBViE Unit’s implementing partners.
- Support CO on coordination of humanitarian issues and prepare donor reports and SitReps, as required.
- Take timely initiative to address donor’s query on the proposal or programme in collaboration with the Humanitarian Coordinator, Deputy Rep, including monitoring and reporting.
- Advanced technical degree with specialization in areas such as social work, public health, gender, law/human rights, international relations, and/or other related social science disciplines.
- 2 to 10 years of specialized experience addressing GBV at the international level; experience in this field in a humanitarian context an asset.
- Demonstrated leadership and management experience within a multinational and multicultural environment.
- Direct experience providing support to GBV survivors an asset.
- Proficiency in English and in other official languages (insert specific language if necessary) or the UN required/desirable.