SRHiE Programme Analyst and Coordinator
Dolo and Kismayo, Somalia
Mission Specific Considerations during COVID-19
Remote-Based Deployments (if remote-based please only fill in this table)
Physical deployments (only fill out if you anticipate surge to physically deploy)
|Considerations for remote-based deployments
|If the deployment is remote-based, is the country office set up to ensure ongoing communication / team integration and appropriate supervision with the deployee from afar? Please explain.
||Deployment is not remote based
|Pre-departure considerations for physical deployments
|Does this duty station require candidates to have undertaken SSAFE training? If so, can the office provide training upon arrival?
Are there any special/new, specific visa considerations that need to be considered?
| YES – Persons traveling with UNLP have no need for VISAs
For non-UNLP holders, the CO will support in providing necessary documentation
What type of quarantining rules does the local government mandate at this stage upon arrival?
Be sure to include how long for, and possible locations the person will/should be quarantined. i.e. government mandated facilities or pre-approved hotels, et.c
|Fully vaccinated persons are not required to quarantine.
|C-19 testing and clearance
Does the Surge need to undertake any COVID-19 testing prior to arrival or upon arrival? Are there any other medical clearances or vaccines deployees need to undertake before travel to this country?
|However, non-fully vaccinated are expected to show a negative PCR test.
Is there any equipment that the Surge should become equipped with prior to travel, e.g. PPE such as masks, gloves, sanitizer, etc?
|FFP2 Masks and sanitizers are recommended
|Is there any other paperwork that the local government authorities require upon entry/re-entry into the country?
||Yes, Note Verbal Fully Signed
On mission considerations (for physical deployments):
What type of accommodation is available for Surge deployees?
|UNFPA is in charge of arranging full accommodation.
Is the duty station on an R&R cycle and if so how often? Please provide any details that have changed because of COVID-19
| 4 weeks
Are there any government restrictions or limitations that would adversely impact in-country medical treatment plans or medical evacuation?
|What is the capacity of local facilities that can be used to treat and/or stabilize those affected by COVID-19?
||UNSOS Level 2 Hospital in Aden Adde International Airport (AAIA)
|Office arrangement for telecommuting
If the Surge needs to telecommute within the country, can the country office demonstrate that the deployee is realistically able to work in terms of remote connectivity, equipment, etc.?
If the Surge is required to physically deploy, can the country office provide necessary equipment, e.g. masks, gloves, sanitizer?
|What is the capacity of local facilities that can be used to treat and/or stabilize those affected by COVID-19?
||The Hospital is Level 2, where all the critical COVID19 cases are stabilized and managed with ventilators and needed medication.
CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION:
Somalia continues to face heightened vulnerabilities due to the droughts, political tensions, as well as associated violence, in the context of a delayed electoral process and power struggles at the leadership level. In southern and central Somalia, conflict and insecurity continues to spike, driving cycles of displacement, disruptions to livelihood activities, and constraints on trade and humanitarian access. Climate change, conflict and insecurity have forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes in 2021 and are expected to remain key drivers of displacement in 2022. As of June 2022, more than 80 per cent of Somalia is currently facing severe to extreme drought conditions. The drought severity levels are comparable to that of 2010/11 and 2016/17. With no significant rains foreseen until the next rainy season in October, and the La Nina predictions, the current drought situation will deteriorate further in Somalia. The negative trends are not expected to reverse until the arrival of Deyr (Oct-Dec) 2022 rains.
As a result of the poor gu’ rains, Somalia is facing a fourth consecutive failed rainy season and a heightened risk of localized famine in six areas particularly if food prices continue to rise and humanitarian assistance is not sustained to reach the most vulnerable people. The next rainy season is projected to be below average, meaning the drought emergency will worsen. Already, 6.1 million people have been affected by the drought emergency, of whom 771,400 have been displaced from their homes in search of water, food and pasture. Over 80 per cent of those displaced are women and children. In addition, health partners have reported an increase in admission of acutely malnourished children in stabilization centres linked to the increased number of suspected Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera cases. At least 3,720 suspected cases of cholera and 6,216 cases of measles have been confirmed since January 2022 from the drought-affected areas. Furthermore, the worsening drought continues to severely impact access to education. As of 8 May, at least 158 schools in Galmudug, Jubaland, Puntland and South West states have been closed, affecting about 60,000 learners.
The Somalia humanitarian partners have rolled out over 30 district level Area Based Coordination (ABC) forums covering Operational Priority Area 1 and 2, where there are many partners but weak operational coordination, information gaps, situation monitoring, and urgent but unmet lifesaving needs. The ABCs are recognized as Area Humanitarian Coordination Groups and are coordinated by a designated local partner/INGO (depending on location), with the support of OCHA and are leveraged to inform the coordinated delivery of emergency assistance to the most vulnerable.
Conflict-induced shocks exacerbate the humanitarian situation of both IDP and host communities, with increased numbers of children married earlier as a coping strategy. The drought is further exacerbating the situation for the Somalis, particularly the pastoralists and the villagers, who jointly constitute over 85% of the population (HNO 2022).
Out of the total population of Somalia (15.9 million), 7.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in 2022. These include 2.2 million IDPs. The Somali women and girls continue to pay the highest toll among the population. There are various factors making some populations more affected than the others.
As the drought and food insecurity persist in Somalia, women, and girls experience alarming levels of poverty and economic depravity: a precursor for increased vulnerability to GBV. Since November 2021, over 600,000 people have been displaced due to the unprecedented drought. Rising food prices, sporadic conflict over resources, limited humanitarian support and interrupted market systems have all exacerbated the crisis, eroding livelihoods and crippling traditional coping mechanisms across the country, thus affecting the livelihoods of Somalia’s population. The drought has resulted in large scale crop failure and the death of livestock, impacting livelihoods and food supply. As a result, there have been increasing incidences of IPV, rape, sexual exploitation and harassment, and abuse, with higher impact on women and girls living with disabilities.
Humanitarian access is hampered by ongoing hostilities and movement and security restrictions. Somalia remains on the frontline of climate change, which continues to induce crises resulting in widespread displacement, rapid urbanization, food insecurity, and increased poverty.
Critically, climate change is also increasingly understood as a major driver of conflict in Somalia as the struggle for dwindling resources intensifies clan divisions and inter-clan conflict. The country is forecast to experience its third consecutive season of below-average rainfall, which has already resulted in a sharp increase in food insecurity, especially in rural areas.
Out of the 7.6 million people in need, 1,900,000 are women and girls in reproductive age, approximately 240.000 are pregnant today and 80.000 will deliver in the next 3 months, of which 12.000 are expected to be facing life-threatening complications during pregnancy or delivery.
Overall COVID-19 Situation in country:
As of June 4th 2022, 60 confirmed COVID-19 cases were reported for the previous week with a total of 26,675 confirmed COVID19 cases in Somalia since the pandemic was first detected in the country in March 2020 with an estimated case fatality rate of 5.1%. Almost 3 mill (2,965,275) doses of vaccine have so far been administered in the country, meaning that only 9.1% of the Somali population have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Despite preventative efforts in the country including promotion of hand hygiene, wearing masks and vaccination, there are no restrictions of movement, lockdown and prohibition of large gatherings. The country practices mandatory testing forCOVID-19 during travel as well as mandatory vaccine certificate check during travel.
As of 22 June 2022, individuals who have received two doses of COVID-19 vaccine will not be required to quarantine on arrival in Somalia, and may travel from Mogadishu to their intended final destination in the country.
- Individuals who have received one dose of the vaccine administered no more than 14 days before arrival in Somalia will not be required to quarantine on arrival and may travel from Mogadishu to their intended final destination in the country.
- Individuals who have not received any dose of the vaccine with medical proof that they have recovered from COVID-19 in the last six months will not be required to quarantine on arrival.
- Individuals who have not received any COVID-19 vaccine are required to undergo five days of self-quarantine. Individuals under self- quarantine may go outdoors for short periods of time, but must observe established COVID-19 mitigation measures
The General Security situation inSomalia is very hostile and volatile, and various hostile actors are currently active in many parts of Somalia.Various security incidents occur in Somalia on daily basis, including and linked toclan conflicts, terrorism, political instability, inter-state conflicts, and other criminal acts. The security situation in Southern Somalia is very dangerous, with the terrorist organization Al-Shabaab waging continuoouss attacks against the AMISOM/ATMIS and the Somalia National Forces (SNA), Alshabaab, attacks AMISOM/ATMIS and SNA forces with various tactics including Positions with, Ambushes, Hit and run Attacks, Roadside Bombs, Improvised explosive Devices, (IEDs), Mortar Attacks in various parts of the Regions that surround the Capital Mogadishu, Al-Shabaab also conduct attacks in Mogadishu including Assignations of High Profile government Officials, Complex Attacks, Mortar Attacks, Roadside bombs, and Magnetic IEDs, Vehicle IEDs, and Personal Borne Improvised Explosive devices, which Makes Mogadishu Very High risk Area for International and National Staff of the United Nations and as well as other staff of the UN and International Agencies.
Although the security situation in Puntland and Somaliland remains relatively calm, security incidents alsooccur in Puntland and Somaliland, such as (1) Puntland: intermittent armed attacks in the Galgala Mountains of the Bari region between the Puntland Security Forces and Al-Shabaab elements in the Bari region; Al-Shabaab assassinations, grenade attacks and roadside attacks against the Puntland government in Bossaso and Galkacyo city; Puntland security forces engaged in recurrent fighting against ISIS elements in the Bari region; and (2) Somaliland, while relatively calm, alsoexperiences minor security incidents including violent demonstrations and clan conflicts; and - the most important security issue to note - the conflict between Somaliland and Puntland over the disputed regions of Sool and Sanaag.
Security Situation Summary in country and main threats: (i.e armed conflict, terrorism, crime, social unrest, hazard)
- Armed Conflict: Ambush, Indirect Fire, Small Arms Fire (Al Shabab / Clan Conflict)
- Terrorism: IEDs, Assassinations (Political/Business)
- Crime: Theft, Robbery, Burglary, Kidnapping, Piracy, Murder, Rape
- Civil Unrest: Demonstrations
- Hazards: Floods, Disease, Drought, Fire, Accidents
The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate rapidly as the result of the ongoing drought. Pre-famine is the term currently used to describe the situation from early 2017. Life for women and girls in Somalia is challenging. Somalia ranks fourth-lowest for gender equality globally, maternal and infant mortality rates are some of the highest in the world, and early marriage is prevalent. An estimated 98 per cent of women aged 15 to 19 have undergone female genital mutilation, which has both short-term and long-term physiological, sexual and psychological repercussions. Gender-based violence is pervasive, dominated by physical assault and intimate partner violence. Three out of five children are out of school and boys are often favored over girls. Illiteracy rates among women in IDP communities is 76 per cent and 59 per cent for the non-displaced, compared with 60 per cent for IDP men and 39 per cent for non-displaced men.
UNFPA is one of the key players in the health and protection clusters and currently leads the reproductive health working group and gender-based violence sub-cluster in Somalia. The UNFPA Representative assigned staff to join the Drought Operations Centers in Mogadishu and Baidoa to communicate and deliver a response jointly with humanitarian actors. Despite being one of the key humanitarian agencies, in 2021, UNFPA Somalia has received only USD 3 million, out of its needed USD 16.4 million. In 2022, and with the recent developments, the needs have increased to USD 19.5 million.
The current CPD, under funding from the MDTF (add dates) funds a total of 55 Emergency Obstetrics and Newborn Care (EmONC) facilities. A number of these facilities are in the states targeted by the scale up and close collaboration with the SRH team (Chief of Health and SRH specialist) will be needed to ensure complementarity of action and avert overlap and double funding.
Background Description of Emergency / Justification for Request
Role Description: Under the overall supervision of the UNFPA Ukraine CO Representative and/or Senior Emergency Coordinator, the incumbent helps promote Sexual and Reproductive Health programming (SRH) and SRH services in crises and post crisis situations using the framework of the Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP), as well as more comprehensive SRH to the extent possible. The incumbent also facilitates the procurement and delivery of emergency medical supplies and equipment; orients on SRH related issues (including reproductive, maternal and new-born health, family planning information and services, STIs and HIV prevention, care and treatment, and clinical management of rape and intimate partner violence). The incumbent also assists in establishing relevant partnerships with other humanitarian stakeholders, NGOs, donors and government counterparts.
MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:
SRH coordination at the sub-national level:
MISP/Comprehensive SRH Rollout and Programme Implementation:
- Ensure establishment of an SRH working group at sub-national level under the overall Health Cluster coordination.
- Actively engage and lead the SRH working group, under the HC at sub-national level
- Conduct/Lead rapid assessment/s of SRH needs of the affected population and participate/lead the inter-agency assessments
- Oversee (in collaboration with the HC, SRH Specialist, Logistics/Procurement officer) procurement of emergency RH kits, equipment and medical supplies and, in collaboration with GBV programme specialist, dignity kits; develop a distribution plan to meet the needs of implementing partners and other identified partners in providing SRH services, monitor distribution and ensure utilization reporting.
- Ensure implementation of the SRH services, including MISP (Minimum Initial Service Package) and comprehensive SRH care, by implementing partners
- Oversee (with the M&E officer and in close collaboration with the SRH team overseeing implementation of CPD commitments in the area of SRH) the monitoring of MISP implementation,
- Ensuring that robust reporting mechanisms are in place.
- Explore other opportunities and entry points to deliver SRH services for specific at risk vulnerable groups affected by the crisis, e.g.: uniformed personnel, sex workers, ex- combatants, women associated with armed forces, persons with disabilities, adolescents, LGBTQI+ etc.
- Assess the need for, initiate and coordinate training sessions on SRH in emergencies (for health care providers, community services officers, security personnel, IDP population, host population, etc.) in coordination with SRHiE Coordinator
- Assist in developing/adapting protocols for selected areas in programme coordination (such as syndromic case management of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), referral for emergency obstetric care, midwifery, fistula repair, medical response to survivors of rape, counselling and family planning services, etc.).
- Provide inputs for SitReps and other communication products, as required.
- Ensure an effective response linkages between SRH and GBV programme.
- Develop an exit strategy, which includes the transition to evidence-based, comprehensive SRH programmes.
Resource Mobilization and reporting:
- Ensure SRH needs are addressed with a focus on life saving action within the Health cluster and within OCHA Situation Reports and presented at Area Coordination team at sub national level.
- Maintain working relationship and share relevant information with UN Health Cluster
- Liaise with WFP, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF and other partners to provide SRH services and commodities for affected populations at sub-national level.
- Systematically identify and operationalize linkages between SRH and GBV as well as nutrition at programmatic and service delivery level and including: Clinical management of rape and IPV, contraceptive services, maternity care, Ante and post-natal care, GBV case management, WGSS.
- Ensure that pregnant and lactating women and girls are identified and considered for all general and supplementary food programs.
Monitoring and Evaluation:
- Assist CO in developing reports, proposals and fund raising for SRH programming.
- Monitor SRH assistance, including clinical management of rape, provided by UNFPA through implementing partners to crisis affected populations, in particular IDPs/returnees, and ensure adequate SRH requirements are being met.
- Given much of the monitoring will be remote, particular attention is required to analyze reports, triangulating information, and working on “remote monitoring” approaches (video, pictures, …)
- Conduct monitoring visits, if requested.
- Monitor SRH supplies utilization trough IPs, including maintain a database on SRH commodities and supplies dignity kits and share information with coordinating UN agencies and host communities - NGO and government implementing partners.
Any Other Duties:
- Provide coaching to newly recruited staff and consultants, where appropriate.
- Coach and build capacity of staff members and staff of implementing partners responding to humanitarian/emergency crisis, as needed.
Qualifications and Skills Required:
- Perform any other duties as required by the Humanitarian Coordinator, SRHiE Coordinator
- Clinical degree (e.g.: medecine, midwifery, nursing)
- An advanced University degree in Medical sciences or public health, or equivalent qualifications;
- 5 or more years working experience in the field of reproductive health, in the UN system or INGO;
- Experience in coordination and implementation of Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) for Reproductive Health;
- Previous work in security constraint Humanitarian Settings
- Humanitarian experience and international experience are of added advantage;
- Fluency in oral and written English; working knowledge of other UN languages a plus.