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UNFPA-GBV Sub-Sector Coordinator-P3-Hargeisa, Somalia

Hargeisa, Somalia
Position Title: GBV Sub-Sector Coordinator
Receiving Agency: UNFPA
P Level: P3
Location: Hargeisa, Somalia
Duration: 6 months
Language: English

Mission Specific Considerations during COVID-19

Remote-Based Deployments (if remote-based please only fill in this table)
Considerations for remote-based deployments
If the deployment is remote-based, is the country office set up to ensure ongoing communication / team integration and appropriate supervision with the deployee from afar? Please explain. Deployment is not remote based
 

Physical deployments (only fill out if you anticipate surge to physically deploy)
Pre-departure considerations for physical deployments
Does this duty station require candidates to have undertaken SSAFE training? If so, can the office provide training upon arrival?  
YES
Visa
Are there any special/new, specific visa considerations that need to be considered?
 YES – Persons traveling with UNLP have no need for VISAs
Quarantine
What type of quarantining rules does the local government mandate at this stage upon arrival?
Be sure to include how long for, and possible locations the person will/should be quarantined. i.e. government mandated facilities or pre-approved hotels, et.c
Fully Covid-19 vaccinated persons are not required to quarantine.

 
C-19 testing and clearance
Does the Surge need to undertake any COVID-19 testing prior to arrival or upon arrival? Are there any other medical clearances or vaccines deployees need to undertake before travel to this country?
However, non-fully vaccinated are expected to show a negative PCR test.
Equipment
Is there any equipment that the Surge should become equipped with prior to travel, e.g. PPE such as masks, gloves, sanitizer, etc?
FFP2 Masks and sanitizer are recommended
Is there any other paperwork that the local government authorities require upon entry/re-entry into the country? Yes, Note Verbal Fully Signed
On mission considerations (for physical deployments):
Accommodation
What type of accommodation is available for Surge deployees?
UNFPA accommodation is available within the Thorn Tree Lodge, Mogadishu
R&R
Is the duty station on an R&R cycle and if so how often? Please provide any details that have changed because of COVID-19
4 weeks
Medical Treatment
Are there any government restrictions or limitations that would adversely impact in-country medical treatment plans or medical evacuation?
No
What is the capacity of local facilities that can be used to treat and/or stabilize those affected by COVID-19? UNSOS Level 2 Hospital in Aden Adde International Airport (AAIA), Mogadishu
Office arrangement for telecommuting
If the Surge needs to telecommute within the country, can the country office demonstrate that the deployee is realistically able to work in terms of remote connectivity, equipment, etc.?
Yes
Equipment
If the Surge is required to physically deploy, can the country office provide necessary equipment, e.g. masks, gloves, sanitizer?
Yes
What is the capacity of local facilities that can be used to treat and/or stabilize those affected by COVID-19? The Hospital is Level 2, where all the critical COVID19 cases are stabilized and managed with ventilators and needed medication.

CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION:

Somalia’s population continues to suffer one of the most complex and protracted humanitarian crises in the world, further exacerbated by an unprecedented drought in the Horn of Africa with Somalia being one of the most affected countries in the region. The 2022 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR) estimated that 2.3 million people will need GBV programs and services across Somalia. The estimated number of Persons in Need (PIN) increased by 51 per cent in 2022, compared with 1.7 million PIN in 2021. In the first months of 2022, the numbers surged and an additional 4.2 million people in Somalia will be requiring humanitarian assistance and support due to the drought.

In Somaliland, drought exists in all regions in Somaliland but with various intensity of either severe drought (40.90 percent), extreme drought (22.43 percent), or moderate drought (24.93 percent) in almost all rural areas. Areas impacted by severe drought Baligubadle, Salaxley, Sawanaag, and Faroweyne districts in Maroodijeex, villages under Oodweyne, Buhoodle, and Burco districts in Togdheer, Lughaya, and Saylac districts in Awdal, Ceel-Afweyn, and Badhan districts in Sanaag, as well as Xudun and Laascaanood districts in Sool. According to a 2021 Joint Multi-cluster Needs Assessment (JMNCA), 29 per cent of respondents lacked proper bathing facilities, 26 per cent faced poor lighting, and 14 per cent had insufficient privacy in shelter. The report also indicates that 69 per cent lacked lockable latrines; 93 per cent use common latrines that are far; only 7 per cent reported the availability of separate facilities; while 26 per cent reported lack of sanitation facilities and 37 per cent reported a complete lack of food. In addition, a report by the Gender Based Violence Information Management System (GBVIMS) in 2021 indicated that 62 per cent of the reported GBV incidents were physical assault, 11 per cent rape, 10 per cent sexual assault, 7 per cent denial of resources, 6 per cent psychological/emotional abuse, and the remaining 4 per cent forced/early marriage.

Based on the OCHA report “The cost of inaction” (April, 2022), more than 1.5 million of the most vulnerable women will lose access to GBV and mental health services, including access to safe spaces for survivors of sexual violence. More than 350,000 adolescents, boys and girls at risk of life-threatening violence, exploitation, FGM, recruitment, abuse, and neglect will not receive adequate and timely protection.

 UNFPA Somalia estimates  that around 23% of the internally displaced women of reproductive age are pregnant, and will require skilled birth attendance.

As the drought and food insecurity persist in Somalia, women, and girls experience alarming levels of poverty and economic depravity: a precursor for increased vulnerability to GBV. Since November 2021, over 600,000 people have been displaced due to the unprecedented drought. Rising food prices, sporadic conflict over resources, limited humanitarian support and interrupted market systems have all exacerbated the crisis, eroding livelihoods and crippling traditional coping mechanisms across the country, thus affecting the livelihoods of Somalia’s population. The drought has resulted in large scale crop failure and the death of livestock, impacting livelihoods and food supply. As a result, there have been increasing incidences of IPV, rape, sexual exploitation and harassment, and abuse, with higher impact on women and girls with disabilities.


Overall COVID-19 Situation in country:

As of June 4th 2022, 60 confirmed COVID-19 cases were reported for the previous  week with a total of 26,675 confirmed COVID19 cases  in Somalia since the pandemic was first  detected in the country in March 2020 with an estimated case fatality rate of 5.1%. Almost 3 mill (2,965,275) doses of vaccine have so far been administered in the country, meaning that only 9.1% of the Somali population have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Despite preventative efforts in the country including promotion of hand hygiene, wearing masks and vaccination, there are no restrictions of movement, lockdown and prohibition of large gatherings. The country practices mandatory testing forCOVID-19 during travel as well as  mandatory vaccine certificate check during travel.

As of 22 June 2022, individuals who have received two doses of COVID-19 vaccine will not be required to quarantine on arrival in Somalia, and may travel from Mogadishu to their intended final destination in the country.
  • Individuals who have received one dose of the vaccine administered no more than 14 days before arrival in Somalia will not be required to quarantine on arrival and may travel from Mogadishu to their intended final destination in the country.
  • Individuals who have not received any dose of the vaccine with medical proof that they have recovered from COVID-19 in the last six months will not be required to quarantine on arrival.
  • Individuals who have not received any COVID-19 vaccine are required to undergo five days of self-quarantine. Individuals under self- quarantine may go outdoors for short periods of time, but must observe established COVID-19 mitigation measures

Security Situation Summary in country and main threats: (i.e armed conflict, terrorism, crime, social unrest, hazard)
The General Security situation inSomalia is very hostile and volatile, and various hostile actors are currently active in many parts of Somalia.Various security incidents occur in Somalia on daily basis, including and linked toclan conflicts, terrorism, political instability, inter-state conflicts, and other criminal acts. The security situation in Southern Somalia is very dangerous, with the terrorist organization Al-Shabaab waging continuoouss attacks against the AMISOM/ATMIS and the Somalia National Forces (SNA),  Alshabaab, attacks AMISOM/ATMIS and SNA forces with various tactics including Positions with, Ambushes, Hit and run Attacks, Roadside Bombs, Improvised explosive Devices, (IEDs), Mortar Attacks  in various parts of the Regions that surround the Capital Mogadishu, Al-Shabaab also conduct attacks in Mogadishu including Assignations of High Profile government Officials, Complex Attacks, Mortar Attacks, Roadside bombs, and Magnetic IEDs, Vehicle IEDs, and Personal Borne Improvised Explosive devices, which Makes Mogadishu Very High risk Area for International and National Staff of the United Nations and as well as other staff of the UN and International Agencies. 

Although the security situation in Puntland and Somaliland remains relatively calm, security incidents alsooccur in Puntland and Somaliland, such as (1) Puntland:  intermittent armed attacks in the Galgala Mountains of the Bari region between the Puntland Security Forces and Al-Shabaab elements in the Bari region; Al-Shabaab assassinations, grenade attacks and roadside attacks against the Puntland government in Bossaso and Galkacyo city; Puntland security forces engaged in recurrent fighting against ISIS elements in the Bari region; and (2) Somaliland, while relatively calm, alsoexperiences minor security incidents including violent demonstrations and clan conflicts; and - the most important security issue to note - the conflict between Somaliland and Puntland over the disputed regions of Sool and Sanaag.
.
  • Armed Conflict: Ambush, Indirect Fire, Small Arms Fire (Al Shabab / Clan Conflict)
  • Terrorism: IEDs, Assassinations (Political/Business)
  • Crime: Theft, Robbery, Burglary, Kidnapping, Piracy, Murder, Rape
  • Civil Unrest: Demonstrations
  • Hazards: Floods, Disease, Drought, Fire, Accidents
 

Background Description of Emergency / Justification for Request

The GBV Coordination surge support      is requested to support the coordination structure and functions of the GBVAoR in Somalia. With the surge of the population in need due to the severe drought and increasing internal displacements,      overall inter-agency GBV      coordination needs to be      strengthened to      scale up and sustain quality, timely, safe and confidential specialized GBV services.      
Currently, the UNFPA Somalia GBV Officer based in Mogadishu, Somalia, has a triple role being in charge of UNFPA GBV programme, GBV sub-cluster coordination, and PSEA. The workload is too much for one person and in view of the rapidly deteriorating situation with more people at risk of GBV, it is essential for UNFPA to strengthen its GBV AoR leadership with a dedicated GBV coordinator     to lead the inter-agency GBV needs assessments, programming, resource mobilization, and advocacy efforts in      collaboration and      partnership with national government stakeholders, CSOs, (I)NGOs,      and UN agencies throughout      the Somalia humanitarian response.
 
Role Description: (ensuring the description clearly relates how the role supports efforts on COVID-19 response):
Under the overall supervision of the UNFPA Head of Office, Hargeisa, Somaliland, the GBV coordinator will support the operations of the GBV sub cluster at Somaliland region. The GBV coordinators in Somaliland will supervise and mentor coordinators at sub national levels in Somaliland.  H/She will ensure that GBV coordination meetings are held regularly, and priority issues are integrated into the agenda for discussion.

MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:

Building and Sustaining Partnerships – The surge support will work to strengthen coordination of the existing operations of the GBV Sub cluster at   Hargeisa and sub national levels within Somaliland. The sub cluster holds monthly meetings and provides oversight to the 16 GBV sub cluster platforms at sub-national platforms
  • Facilitate inter-agency, multi-sectoral GBV coordination group (“sub-sector”) sub national levels
  • Facilitate two-way communication channels between GBV coordination platform at Hargeisa and other GBV platforms at the sub-national levels within Somaliland.
  • Regularly represent the GBV sub-sector in Protection sector meetings and ICCG meetings.
  • Coordinate and collaborate with other sectors/working groups such as the Health cluster, Child Protection Sub-sector , Shelter/NFI cluster, Food Security cluster in Somaliland to ensure GBV mitigation within the clusters.
  • In consultation with non-governmental GBV actors and national civil society, identify appropriate mechanisms for working with and collaborating with national authorities on GBV issues.
 
Strategic Planning
  • Facilitate review and implementation of   Standard Operating Procedures for GBV coordination and service provision
  • Support mapping of services at new locations of displacement in Somaliland
  • Regularly support the updating and dissemination of referral pathways in locations of new displacements in Somaliland
  • Coordinate the review and implementation of GBV sub cluster work plans in Somaliland in line with the priorities of the GBV sub cluster strategy
  • Collaborate with the Reproductive health working group and the Health cluster to support the operations of the CMR working group and the implementation of the priorities of the action plan for working group


Capacity Development
  • Review and adopt existing modules to local contexts for capacity training for case management, PSS and coordination
  • Support efforts to strengthen the capacity of sub-sector  members on planning and responding to GBV in emergencies and on safe and ethical GBV information management.
  • Ensure all GBV sub-sector partners and others are aware of relevant policy guidelines, technical standards, and other resource materials.
 
Advocacy
  • Provide technical support to the development of relevant advocacy and policy documents to address GBV in the context of broader gender inequality issues.
  • Promote awareness of national laws and policies that inform action to address GBV.

 Information Management
  • Provide guidance on the emerging trends of GBV within IDP camps and host communities to the GBV sub cluster coordination group in Somaliland.
  • Support validation and verification of data on service provision and rapid assessment to ensure alignment with trends on GBV.
  • Support dissemination of data outcomes of GBV/multi-cluster rapid assessments to GBV partners.

 
Any other duties
  • Write monthly reports documenting progress against work plan outputs.
  • Other duties as required.


Qualifications and Skills Required:
  • Advanced degree in social work or other social sciences, public health, community health, international relations, international law, human rights or related field. 
  • 3-4 years of experience working on gender-based violence, of which 4 are at the international level, preferably in a humanitarian context.
  • Experience leading inter-agency coordination mechanisms with a wide range of stakeholders. Demonstrable knowledge of the critical components to facilitate effective inter-agency coordination.
  • Awareness and demonstrable knowledge of how GBV manifests in humanitarian settings and ability to describe context-specific prevention and response actions.
  • Demonstrable knowledge of humanitarian emergency operations, including the Cluster System and HPC, and roles/responsibilities of key humanitarian actors.
  • Experience designing and managing GBV programmes in an NGO (recommended).
  • Proficiency in English and Arabic is desirable.
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