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UNICEF-GBViE Specialist-P4-Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (remote start)

Addis Ababa (remote start, travel when deployed), Ethiopia
Position TitleGender Based Violence in Emergencies Specialist 
LocationAddis Ababa, Ethiopia (Remote start - when deployed, travel within Ethiopia when security situation allows)
Duration6 months with the possibility of an extension
P LevelP4
LanguageEnglish


Background


Ethiopia is in the midst of a mix of complex, enduring, and emerging emergencies, including the Northern Ethiopia crisis, resulting in displacement which increases protection, including gender-based violence risks for women and children. According to the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) 2021[1], 23.5 million people are in humanitarian need, projected to increase to 23.8 million by the second and third quarters of 2021. 12.4 million are estimated to be children. Among them, 2.7 million are internally displaced person (IDPs), and an estimated 58 per cent of IDPs are children.  Election preparedness planning scenarios expect additional displacement. Ethiopia is also the third largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, sheltering 801,349 registered refugees and asylum-seekers as of 31 January 2021.  More than 50 per cent are children. The internally displaced, refugee, and returnee communities, especially girls and women, remain extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence (GBV). Anecdotal evidence suggests that COVID-19 and related public health preventative measures are contributing to an increase in reported GBV cases.

The large and increasing number of vulnerable populations is exacerbated by increasing programme complexity. The vast numbers of IDPs current come from North Western and Central zones of Tigray, Metekel and Kemashi zones in Benishangul Gumuz, Awi Zone and North Shewa in Amhara, Konso, Burji, Konta and Hadiya zones in SNNPR. According to the various assessment reports, there is increased exposure of already vulnerable populations, particularly children, women, IDPs, refugees, migrants, safety net clients, the elderly and the disabled to protection risks including exploitation, abuse, neglect, harmful practices and violence (including gender-based violence), who in the absence of access to essential services (including food and shelter), may also likely resort to negative coping mechanisms, that would further endanger their wellbeing. Furthermore, there are reports of increased sexual violence, and a corresponding lack of services for survivors, compounded by a climate of fear to report and seek help.  All together, this hampers timely and appropriate service delivery to GBV survivors. 

Humanitarian crises can exacerbate pre-existing gender inequalities and may lead to increased risks, exclusion and discrimination of individuals based on their gender. The vulnerability of the displaced, returnees and refugee population is exacerbated by increasing programme complexity; most notably the restrictions, imposed by COVID-19 prevention efforts.          

The full magnitude of gender-based violence and other protection needs in Ethiopia is unclear, including in the context of COVID-19. Since the first case of COVID-19 was identified in Ethiopia in March 2020 and measures were put in place to prevent and curb the spread, including closure of schools and a State of Emergency, there is anecdotal evidence of GBV affecting children and women, reported to One Stop Centers and other facilities. To help inform next steps in a UN wider approach, the Resident Coordinator has requested UN agencies, including UNICEF, to strategically prioritize actions to improve data collection, integration of GBV across sectors, improve the coordination of efforts and in turn deliver more effective support to relevant partners, both government and CSO/NGO.

As a lead agency in addressing Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies (GBViE), UNICEF has expanded its on-the-ground programming in recent years and made prevention of and response to GBViE one of its targeted priorities in its Gender Action Plan (GAP) 2018-2021. The GAP is integrally linked to UNICEF’s Strategic Plan (SP) and provides a clear programmatic focus on the gender-equitable results that UNICEF aims to achieve across all areas of its SP. UNICEF is also a lead agency in the development of programming and tools related to GBViE, including supporting the development of the Call to Action Roadmap [1], the implementation of multi-country GBViE evaluations, the opalization and implementation of the revised IASC GBV Guidelines (2015), the revision of the GBV Coordination Handbook (2016) and the development of the UNICEF GBViE Programme Resource Pack.

In line with UNICEF’s global commitment to address GBViE, UNICEF Ethiopia is well positioned to work closely with the government, UNFPA as a lead on GBV Area of Responsibility, other UN agencies and civil society organizations, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs), on initiatives and appropriate programmes to prevent and reduce risks faced by girls and women to gender-based violence while facilitating access for survivors to avail appropriate care. Through GBV specialized programming, UNICEF has been working with the government and partners to strengthen GBV response services including referral for survivors.

Strategic office context:

UNICEF’s work on GBViE in Ethiopia consists of two distinct, yet complementary, approaches: a) GBViE specialized programming and; b) Integration of GBV risk mitigation measures across other programmatic sectors. Currently, Child Protection is implementing GBViE programming and, since March 2019, UNICEF Ethiopia has started to systematically integrate GBViE risk mitigation actions in humanitarian plans and across programmatic sections.

As such, UNICEF Ethiopia requires dedicated technical support to advance and monitor our implementation of the IASC Guidelines for integrating gender-based violence interventions in Humanitarian Action into our programmes to directly contribute to the wider humanitarian response and influence the integration of GBV mitigation strategies in our development programming. 

In November 2021 the L3 emergency status, in May announced for Tigray only, was expanded for Ethiopia, noting the gender-based violence in emergency (GBVIE) needs. Two P4 TA positions for Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies were recruited for Tigray and they are placed. However, as elaborated above, there are urgent GBVIE needs in other parts of the country and for which specialist support is required.

Summary of key functions

The Gender-based Violence in Emergencies Specialist will be responsible for providing the Ethiopia Country Office and Field Offices with technical guidance and assistance on GBViE prevention, risk mitigation and response. This will include the management of the development of a national and sub-regional GBViE plan of actions based on comprehensive needs assessments, and engaging UNICEF staff and partners to manage the effective implementation of the action plan across the country. A GBV Specialist (Level 4) is under-recruitment for Tigray at the time of developing this TOR so this GBVIE specialist (SBP) will work closely with this specialist as it pertains to Tigray. These efforts will include a focus on oversight over quality assurance and coherence with UNICEF’s global level GBViE Operational Guidance and Resource Pack, as well as other global standards and guidelines and the UNICEF SP and GAP. S/he will ensure that the GBViE components of UNICEF programming in his/her context will also be fully in line with the CCCs, and that significant progress will be made on the UNICEF GBViE commitments, including the specific ones on Call to Action. As a result, s/he will deliver results towards strengthening capacity at the Country level, for addressing GBViE through solid and grounded technical expertise and tools, providing training to staff and partners, expanding GBViE programmatic footprint, and improving coordination, communication and information-sharing.

 

The Gender-based Violence in Emergencies Specialist  at P4 level will:
  1. Provide strategic and technical support to management, section chiefs and Chiefs of Field Offices in Ethiopia  
  2. Work with the Country Office’s (CO) Child Protection (CP) team and across other UNICEF sectors and agencies (UNFPA and UNHCR in particular), as well as with country and regional CP and GBViE networks/working groups,  the Child Protection Area of Responsibility and Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility,to ensure GBViE prevention, mitigation and response is adequately addressed and coordinated across sectors;
  3. Support programme knowledge acquisition and management through systematic collection of country programme experience(s) and the provision of GBViE-related technical support;
  4. Ensure sufficient financial and human resource capacity is in place to effectively achieve the goals noted above.
     
  1. Provide strategic and technical support in Ethiopia.  This will include deciding on and initiating over-arching support to inter-agency partners and implementing agencies on the planning, development and implementation stages of programmes and strategic plans, in close coordination with the Child Protection and Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility (co-led by UNICEF and UNFPA, respectively and with government counterparts), the Protection Cluster (UNHCR), other partner agencies (primarily UNFPA and UNHCR and also UNWomen). These efforts will be in line with the CCCs related to GBVIE, the UNICEF GAP, the UNICEF GBViE Operational Guidance and humanitarian strategies.
  • Provide technical advice, guidance and oversight on the formulation, design, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of integrated and or distinct GBViE programmes to ensure overall efficiency and effectiveness of programme management, delivery and accomplishment of programme goals and objectives.
  • Advise on any GBViE-related issues that require immediate action and advocacy. Provide technical advice, guidance and oversight on the development of relevant UNICEF programming strategy documents, policy documents and advocacy to address GBViE. This should include ensuring that UNICEF has plans in place for supply distribution (e.g. Dignity kits).
  • Provide updates and briefings on GBViE in the affected contexts for senior management at the Country Office (CO), Regional Office (RO) and/or Headquarters (HQ) levels to ensure understanding and prioritization of programming to address GBVIE in these contexts.
     
 
  1. Work with the Country Office’s (CO) Child Protection (CP) team and across other UNICEF sectors and agencies (UNFPA and UNHCR in particular), as well as with country and regional CP and GBViE networks/working groups, to ensure GBViE prevention, mitigation and response is adequately addressed and coordinated across sectors and across borders, by completing the following:
  • Provide technical advice, guidance and oversight to the Child Protection Team and the Country Office as they work with GBViE to ensure there is a comprehensive plan of action to better address GBViE across all humanitarian interventions in affected areas, including:
  • To develop and support implementation of GBViE interventions covering the three pillars approach as per the UNICEF GBViE Operational Guide: response, risk mitigation and prevention.
  • To develop or revise Standard Operating Procedures (integrated with CP whenever appropriate) for prevention and response to GBViE concerns to ensure quality of care and safe and effective coordination and referral.
  • To undertake capacity building initiatives to strengthen GBViE case management practices in line with minimum standards (integrated with child protection whenever appropriate).
  • To advise on safe information-sharing practices, including through interagency information management systems.
  • Undertake capacity building initiatives to Country Office and Field Office staff on the operationalization of the IASC Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action to support preparedness and response across UNICEF sectors.
  • Liaise with UNICEF CP section and other sections (such as WASH, Health, Nutrition, Learning and Development, Nutrition, Social Policy and Communication for Development) and the Emergency Unit (noting its cross-cutting function) to ensure GBViE risk mitigation is adequately addressed in line with the IASC GBV Guidelines.
  • Support and guide collaboration of the CO CP teams and its partners (e.g. UNFPA, UNHCR), as well as regional mechanisms, to engage in cross-border programming to ensure GBViE is addressed in programmes targeting the needs of separated and unaccompanied children; children associated with armed groups and forces, children in conflict with the law and to address other forms of GBViE which are exacerbated in emergencies but are less known and programmed for (such as trafficking for sex and child marriage).
 
  1. Support programme knowledge acquisition and management through systematic collection of country programme experience and the provision of GBVIE-related technical support.
  • Provide technical advice, support and oversight to CO CP teams and partners on strengthening safe and ethical monitoring of conflict-related sexual violence against children, in particular through strengthened GBViE monitoring. This will include exploring and strengthening appropriate linkages between GBViE service providers (in particular UNICEF partners) and GBViE IMS, as well as country learning exchanges and capacity development to promote consistency, quality, and safe and ethical practices.
  • Manage CO CP teams capacity for the documentation of good practices, learning exchanges and forums, with a focus on conflict, disaster, IDP and refugee settings. This will also include ensuring representation at regional forums both internally and externally for appropriate planning, resourcing and decision making.
  1. Support allocation and management of sufficient financial and human resource capacity is in place to effectively achieve the goals noted above.
  • Promote and facilitate the inclusion of GBViE into humanitarian appeal processes and documents. As needed, support reporting and write funding proposals.
  • Prepare programme reports for management as required.
  • Ensure continued capacity building for UNICEF staff in the Country and Field Offices on GBViE.


MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS AND COMPETENCIES
 

Education:
  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in public health, social sciences or other relevant field related to GBViE in emergency programming.
  • *A first-level university degree with relevant combination of academic qualifications and an additional two years of relevant experience may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university degree.

Experience:
  • Minimum 8 years (for P4) of progressive GBViE experience; at least 4 of which should be field-based and in emergency contexts, including conflict-settings;
  • Excellent knowledge of the IASC GBV Guidelines and other GBV frameworks/guidelines;
  • Ability to collect, collate and analyze data in a scientific and effective manner;
  • Analytical, methodical and precise style of writing;
  • Excellent interpersonal, communication and presentation skills;
  • Communicates effectively to varied audiences, including during formal public speaking;
  • Sets high standards for quality of work and consistently achieves project goals;
  • Able to work effectively in a multi-cultural environment;
  • Has good leadership and supervisory skills; coordinates group activities, ensuring that roles within the team are clear;
  • Translates strategic direction into plans and objectives;
  • Quickly builds rapport with individuals and groups; maintains an effective network of individuals across organizational departments;
  • Identifies urgent and potentially difficult decisions and acts on them promptly; initiates and generates team- and department-wide activities;
  • Demonstrates, applies and shares expert technical knowledge across the organization;
  • Availability to travel frequently in the region.

Language Requirements:
  • Excellent analytical, communication, writing and editorial skills in English.
  • Proficiency in an additional official United Nations language is an asset.
 
[1] In 2014, UNICEF and other partners were asked to contribute to the development of the Call to Action Roadmap, a critical document aimed at bringing governments and organizations together to prevent and respond to GBV during crises. At the technical level, UNICEF has been instrumental in reflecting the agency-level commitments shared by UNICEF and all key humanitarian agencies to prioritize GBViE and address gaps and challenges in prevention and response.

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