duty station: Port-au-Prince (10%)
Duration 3 months.
UNFPA-GBV Program Specialist-P3/P4-Multiple duty stations, Haiti
CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION:
On 14 August, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Southwestern Haiti causing severe damage and casualties. According to Haiti's Civil Protection, 2,248 people have died and 12,763 others are injured. 53,815 homes have been destroyed and 83,770 have sustained damages leaving thousands of people homeless (OCHA update as of 7th September). Some communities closer to the epicenter are unreachable and are thought to have been completely devastated. The government has declared a state of emergency in the departments affected by the earthquake (South, Nippes and Grand Anse).
Tropical Storm Grace triggered heavy rain and floods that have complicated humanitarian response, and the threat of more intense storms remains during the ongoing hurricane season. The COVID-19 pandemic and escalating insecurity pose additional challenges for humanitarian response.
The devastation wrought by this earthquake is another blow to a country still reeling from multiple overlapping crises. In the most affected areas, there are reports of a lack of food, safe water and medicine. Thousands of people are now living in open spaces and informal shelter sites such as churches and schools with little or no security or protection from the elements. The health situation is the most urgent concern, as several hospitals have been damaged or destroyed, while those still operating are overwhelmed and lack sufficient personnel and medical supplies. The capacity of the healthcare delivery system has been critically impacted.
Severe humanitarian access constraints and the fragile security situation greatly complicate the humanitarian response in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and hurricane season. While preliminary assessments are still in their very early stages, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reported the urgent needs include shelter/Non-Food Items, Health, Protection and Wash as a priority. The quake could not have come at worst time for Haiti, which is still reeling from the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse on 7 July and escalating gang violence which has resulted in the internal displacement of around 19,000 people in the country’s southern peninsula, greatly worsening an already precarious humanitarian situation, with some 4.4 million in need of humanitarian assistance prior to the quake.
COVID vaccination coverage among the population in the country is still very low (< 1.5%). While a recent surge in COVID-19 cases has tapered off, the possible displacement of thousands of people has created ripe conditions for a spike in COVID-19 infections, potentially overwhelming an already weak and overstretched health system that will also have to aid those injured by the earthquake. Early reports indicated that local hospitals near the epicenter are already overwhelmed with wounded people, especially in Les Cayes and Jeremie, with the Red Cross and hospitals in unaffected areas providing surge assistance, while Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) prepares to receive patients at Tabarre Hospital in Port-au-Prince.
Significant humanitarian access constraints due to the fragile security situation add an extra layer of complexity to humanitarian response efforts in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The southern peninsula, due to the hotspot of gang-related violence in the West, has been virtually unreachable for the past two months due to road blockages and security concerns, while humanitarian personnel have been the targets of repeated attacks, including a targeted attack on an MSF Belgium emergency health centre in late June. Preliminary assessments are being carried out under the leadership of national authorities, but it will likely take days, if not weeks, to fully assess the scale of damages and humanitarian needs.
It is estimated that more than 486,000 women of reproductive age are affected, among them 343,000 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. Initial estimates suggest that more than 22,000 women are expected to give birth in the next three months. Of these, around 3,700 will likely require Caesarean sections or experience complications, with potentially deadly consequences, if access to emergency obstetric care is not made available. More than 131,000 women of reproductive age have unmet needs in family planning.
Access to essential SRH services and supplies has been significantly affected, mainly due to the blocking of routes and access roads. Essential health equipment and supplies and additional human resources have been requested by the government. In addition, the COVID19 pandemic has had a negative impact on access to essential SRH services, increasing maternal deaths and unintended pregnancies. There are serious security and protection concerns. Displaced women and girls are facing high risks of Gender-Based Violence.
Overall COVID-19 Situation in country:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Haiti, indicating a very high level of COVID-19 in the country.
In Haiti, from 3 January 2020 to 16 August 2021, there have been 20,556 confirmed cases of COVID-19 with 576 deaths, reported by the Ministry of Health and WHO.
As of 13 August 2021, a total of 19,182 vaccine doses have been administered. PAHO is working with Haiti’s Ministry of Public Health and Population to scale up care for infected people and increase supplies of protective equipment for health workers. PAHO is collaborating to reduce transmission through increased testing, which allows for identification and isolation of infected people. PAHO will also facilitate the upcoming delivery of the first doses of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine to Haiti. The vaccines were procured through COVAX, the global alliance to ensure equitable distribution of COVID-19 vaccines.
Security Situation Summary in country and main threats: (i.e armed conflict, terrorism, crime, social unrest, hazard)
SECURITY LEVEL IS 2.
The main threats to the safety and security of UN personnel and the local population stems from criminality and civil unrest. Traffic accidents are the most common safety hazard to UN personnel in Haiti. The country is also prone to natural hazards such as tropical storms, hurricanes, and earthquakes.
Since November 2019, there has been a resurgence of violent crimes in Haiti, particularly on armed robbery, kidnapping for ransom, and car-jacking incidents, especially in the metropolitan areas of Port-au-Prince where majority of UN personnel live and work. Criminal incidents affecting individuals on their way out of banking facilities and other business establishments, including travelers arriving from International flights continue to pose a serious security concern. Protests, demonstrations, tire burning, and roadblocks are frequent, unpredictable, and can turn violent.
Missions to the field are required to be SRM measures compliant and should be conducted only during daylight hours. UN personnel should liaise with the UNFPA Local Security Advisor and contact UNDSS SOC for latest security updates/ road status, prior to any travel movements in the country. The use of local public transportation is forbidden for international personnel.
Security Clearance Procedure: All travel to and inside Haiti will be cleared through a TRIP request via the UNDSS website https://dss.un.org.
Note: For all international travel to Haiti, security clearance must be requested a minimum of 7 days prior to travel but due to the emergency, the staff should liaise with the UNFPA LSA to expedite the process with UNDSS.
Background Description of Emergency / Justification for Request
According to the 2021 UNFPA Humanitarian Action Overview, Haiti is one of the top ten countries in need of funding for emergency response.
UNFPA and GBV programming
UNFPA looks to mobilize $4.5 million (of the total ask of $25.5 million) to continue providing immediate sexual, reproductive and maternal health and gender-based violence (GBV) services, including Clinical Management of Rape (CMR), case management and other psychosocial support services in Women’s and Girls’ Safe Spaces. As fundraising efforts are underway, with some funding already granted to the mission, UNFPA has already identified 4 implementing partners with working experience / historic operational presence in the 3 affected departments (feminist, women-led organizations), however, both their operational and technical capacity to provide GBV services needs to be strengthened. The integrated approaches between GBV and SRH programming also need reinforcement, in particular regarding ensuring the availability and quality of Clinical Management of Rape (CMR) services in UNFPA-supported health facilities, and the dissemination of harmonized, integrated key messages by the health and GBV community workers / volunteers.
UNFPA and GBV coordination leadership:
Under the overall supervision of the UNFPA CO Representative, the direct supervision of the Deputy Representative and in collaboration with the Humanitarian & GBV Program Manager, the incumbent provides overall oversight and support to the implementation of GBV prevention and response interventions by local implementing partners in this humanitarian emergency. S/e will lead in designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating quality GBV prevention, risk mitigation and response programs, including assessments, fundraising, capacity building, regular activity monitoring and narrative and financial reporting as appropriate. In particular, s/he will lead the implementation and monitoring of UNFPA-supported GBViE response programmes, including supporting partners in setting up new or scaling up existing lifesaving response services. Following the initial assessment of capacities and gaps on the ground done by the GBViE Specialist from UNFPA Humanitarian Office deployed in Haiti for a month, s/he will provide technical backstopping/support or lead capacity development activities with i) UNFPA’s Humanitarian GBV program manager based in Port-au-Prince, iI) the Project Manager / Officer based in Les Cayes (Sud) and iii) Implementing partners in Sud, Grand’Anse and Les Nippes on various aspects of a multisectoral GBV response, such as GBV programme management; GBV Basic concepts, Guiding principles and the survivor-centered approach; the GBViE Minimum Standards, including but not limited to GBV assessments and monitoring; setting up and managing Women’s and Girls’ Safe Spaces (WGSS); Psychosocial Support (PSS) interventions, with a strong focus on how to establish and provide case management services for survivors; safe and ethical survivor data management; and GBV mainstreaming. In collaboration with the Surge SRH Specialist / Coordinator, she will lead in setting up proper partnership and project management mechanisms for the GBV - and SRH - emergency response, inclusive of regular calls or in-person meetings, clear reporting requirements and mechanisms on activities and indicators, and regular, direct field missions to visit our operational sites, including Safe Spaces and Health facilities. S/he will also work closely with the Surge GBV Coordinator to represent UNFPA in the GBV departmental working groups and participate as UNFPA in efforts to establish or update the GBV referral pathway(s) in affected areas. The GBV Program Specialist will use as its main technical resource Inter-Agency GBViE Minimum Standards. S/he will receive remote support from the GBViE Program Specialists in LACRO and the Humanitarian Office (HO).
MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:
Strategic decision-making and planning
In Haiti a GBV working group has been active at the national level. It is working under the Protection sector, which has three sub-structures: the GBVie working group, the Child Protection sub-sector and the Migration sub-sector. Using a survivor-centered and rights-based approach, the goal of the GBV working group is to develop effective and inclusive mechanisms that promote a coherent, comprehensive and coordinated approach to GBV, including prevention, care, and support to survivors with multi sectoral services. These actions are consistent with the GBV Coordination Handbook as well as the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action. The working group is co-chaired by UNFPA which plays a role of technical secretariat in support of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs (MCFDF). Increased leadership from government institutions such as the Ministry of Women Affairs (MCFDF), the Office for Citizen Protection (OPC), the Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training (MENFP), the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP), the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (MJSP), the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor (MAST), the Institute of Social Welfare and Research (IBESR), the Brigade for the Protection of Minors (BPM) and the General Directorate of Civil Protection (DGPC) and a strong participation of NGOs and civil society organizations are expected.
Regarding the earthquake response, UNFPA under the leadership of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs (MCFDF) has activated the GBV sub cluster in the South department. Meetings with MCFDF focal points in Grand’Anse and Les Nippes are underway to activate the working groups in those departments as well. UNFPA is about to deploy a Surge GBV Coordinator for the coordination of the entire emergency GBV response in the 3 affected departments and is also recruiting 3 coordinators at the departmental level.
- Lead regularly strategic workshops with Implementing partners to develop and update as per need an evidence-based multi-sectoral GBV - and SRH integrated - response plan inclusive of GBV risk mitigation and prevention strategies. Invite SRH and Operations teams as needed.
- In collaboration with SRH Specialist / Coordinator, lead the development of a map of GBV and SRH services supported by UNFPA, analyze and address gaps.
- Ensure realistic benchmarks and timelines for achieving set objectives.
- Regularly monitor progress against plans during strategic meetings.
- Promote further our localization efforts, in particular working at the commune level with local, community-based, women-led organisations. In collaboration with IPs,
- lead engagement with women and girls, women’s leaders, other community leaders to increase their participation in the process of planning, monitoring and evaluating activities.
Programme Implementation and Monitoring
- lead engagement with community gatekeepers to ensure acceptance of UNFPA’s mandate and programmes on the ground.
- In close collaboration with the Humanitarian & GBV Program Manager (Port-au-Prince) and the GBV Coordinator (Les Cayes), lead proposal / budget development and proposal writing exercises for new humanitarian GBV projects, including check of complementarity / duplication of proposed GBV activities and assurance that technical and operational capacities (of UNFPA and / or of IPs) are / will be in place to implement all GBV activities proposed as per international standards and guidelines;
- In close collaboration with the Humanitarian & GBV Program Manager, lead / provide oversight and support to overall implementation, supervision and monitoring of GBV response programs, guided by UNFPA response strategy and approved proposals for the funding sources.
- Set up / strengthen partnership and project management mechanisms to ensure that UNFPA-supported, IP-managed GBViE programming activities are regularly tracked and updated
- status of funding proposals and allocation of budget to IPs
- work plan development and monitoring
- discussions on activities, progress, challenges, proposed solutions to overcome them
- indicator monitoring and reporting requirements that capture relevant information and that support the analysis and evaluation of program progress and outcomes
- documentation of good practices and lessons learned in order to deepen the knowledge base among relevant partners.
- In collaboration with GBV Coordinator and under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, ensure that GBV coordination-related activities included in UNFPA projects / budgets are implemented, monitored, documented and reported on. Support the GBV Coordinator in interacting with IPs and grassroots women’s organizations for inter-agency assessments and referral pathway update exercises.
- Lead / participate in regular GBV assessments and consultations with women and girls, preferably joint assessments as part of the GBV sub-sector, to gather information on the immediate needs, risks and barriers faced by women and girls in accessing services, and how UNFPA and IPs can adapt and implement timely and quality services.
- In collaboration with SRH Specialist / Coordinator and under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, lead the development, reinforcement and implementation of linkages between existing GBV and SRH programs to ensure synergies, adopt integrated approaches to women’s and girls’ rights, health, and protection, and maximize program impact at community level.
Resource mobilization / GBV Fundraising
- Share regular up-to-date information on UNFPA-supported GBV interventions in the field through established and ad hoc reporting requirements / mechanisms.
- In close collaboration with the Humanitarian & GBV Program Manager and the GBV Coordinator, ensure GBV is prioritized in the response and resource mobilization efforts, such as humanitarian funding mechanisms such as Flash Appeal/ CERF and other proposals submitted to donors - however, the focus should first be on ensuring implementation, and quality of implementation, of funding already granted or in the pipeline.
- Support the Surge Humanitarian Coordinator to identify and organize meetings with in-country donors to discuss resource mobilization for GBV programming.
- In collaboration with GBV Coordinator(s), leverage resources for UNFPA to support inter-agency GBV activities under the GBV Sub-sector.
Staff Capacity development, care and supervision
- In collaboration with SRH Specialist / Coordinator, develop a Strategy for integrated approaches to GBV-SRH information and service delivery and adapt as needed in concept notes and proposals to various donors
- Provide overall technical leadership on GBV programming, and develop capacity of UNFPA and IP staff leading the GBV response, through twinning and on-the-job coaching methods as well as other capacity development initiatives such as formal trainings, as needed
- In collaboration with the Surge GBV Coordinator, promote knowledge sharing and understanding among humanitarian staff of UNFPA’s mandate (GBV Coordination leadership, provider of last resort for GBV lifesaving services, and GBV and SRH integration), as well the GBV in emergencies guiding principles, minimum standards for prevention, risk mitigation and response, and globally endorsed tools for effective GBV program management and inter-agency coordination.
- Prepare and conduct trainings on GBViE Minimum Standards, GBV Case Management and WGSS set up and management
Coordination and External representation
- Advocate for and support the Humanitarian Coordinator in ensuring that staff care procedures are embedded in the organization’s way of working and in their implementation, including allocated budget for access to free mental health care for those who need (including IPs)
- Support the GBV Coordinator in representing UNFPA in Protection sector, GBV sub-sector and OCHA-led meetings (e.g. for Inter-sector Coordination), and other relevant meetings.
- Support the GBV Coordinator in preparing advocacy notes for relevant stakeholders and partners including donors, that emphasize the life-saving nature of GBV-related interventions in the crisis-affected context
Qualifications and Skills Required:
- Assist the Humanitarian Coordinator in providing regular updates to OCHA and/or Cluster leads on UNFPA’s GBViE interventions to be included in situation reports (i.e.: OCHA SitRep).
- Advanced technical degree preferably in humanitarian response and / or humanitarian project management, international relations, social work or social sciences, gender, human rights, public health or related field.
- 5-7 years of experience working on humanitarian and GBV response, preferably in emergency settings, of which 4 are at the international level.
- Extensive experience designing and managing GBV programmes in emergencies with a wide range of stakeholders, preferably with a UN agency / INGO that promotes localization and works through national and local partners for implementation.
- Experience in partnership management (UN- or INGO-supported, IP-led programming) a very valuable asset.
- Excellent project management (team / partnerships, budget and work plan management) skills
- Excellent analytical, planning and organizational skills
- Strong communication and interpersonal skills
- Demonstrable knowledge of how GBV risks are exacerbated in emergencies and protracted humanitarian settings and proven ability to design context appropriate GBV interventions
- Demonstrable knowledge of humanitarian emergency operations, including the Cluster System and HPC, and roles/responsibilities of key humanitarian actors.
- Proficiency in French and English required.
Any other duties
- Perform any other duties as required by the Representative and Deputy Representative, RO/LACRO and HO.