Position title: CMCO
Duration: 6 months
Location: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Brief description of emergency:
Over the past two years, a grave protection and displacement crisis has emerged in Burkina Faso, grounded in insecurity and conflict as non-state armed groups have made the State and civilians the focus of deadly attacks. By end 2019, this became the fastest growing displacement crisis in the world: as of October 2020, more than 1 million people have been displaced, a 60% increase in just six months.
The most severe impact of the insecurity and conflict is felt in fragile parts of the country, where much of the population has long felt excluded from decision-making. Rising intercommunal tension, stigmatization between communities on the basis of ethnicity or other factors, and further erosion of trust in government linked to protection and human rights challenges, were all exacerbating an already-volatile context before the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has had a further detrimental impact on Burkina Faso’s economy, and therefore on food and nutritional security. In addition to insecurity, displacement and the pandemic, Burkina Faso experienced heavy rains and violent winds in 2020, affecting 106,000 people - the vast majority those already displaced by conflict.
The volatile security and humanitarian situation has complicated humanitarian access in parts of the Sahel, Centre North, North and East regions in particular, making it more difficult for civilian populations to access basic social services and protection as well as sustained their livelihoods, and more difficult for humanitarian actors to reach civilian populations in these areas, even as humanitarian operations are scaling up. The humanitarian community’s Humanitarian Access Strategy prioritizes community acceptance-based efforts, supported by strengthened logistics (overland and by air, with an UNHAS service established in the third quarter of 2020) and UN-CMCoord.
Since late 2019, a concerted approach to strengthening UN-CMCoord has been rolled out and led by OCHA on behalf of the HC and HCT, with support from UN agency and NGO personnel with training and previous experience in UN-CMCoord. The goals of the CMCoord strategy including promoting operational humanitarian access, protecting humanitarian space and enhancing protection for affected communities in the most crisis- affected parts of the country. These goals are advanced through political and strategic engagement at national level and operational and tactical engagement at regional level, taken forward at each level by the CMCoord Platform.
As part of the expansion of humanitarian operations, OCHA took the decision to open a Country Office in mid- 2019, expanding its pre-existing one-person Humanitarian Advisory Team (HAT). The Country Office structure includes a dedicated CMCoord Officer to support the HC, OCHA Head of Office and Deputy Head of Office (both of whom have experience in UN-CMCoord) in political and strategic engagement and lead operational and tactical engagement. As outlined above, however, there is a need to reinforce the office’s CMCoord capacity to realize the immediate training objectives prioritized by the humanitarian community and civilian and military authorities.
Brief surge need justification
Civil-military coordination has been set up at the level in Ouagadougou and in the four regions most affected by insecurity and conflict and attendant access constraints and is supported by the CMCoord Officer, OCHA HAOs in the concerned regions, UN and NGO staff designated as members of the CMCoord Platform at national and regional level and civilian and military authorities designated as members of the same platforms. The OCHA and
partner staff assigned and designated have operational roles and organization-specific responsibilities that they need to fulfill, while the identified training requirements constitute an additional charge of work that exceeds in-country capacity. Thus, in order to strengthen and facilitate the essential dialogue and coordination between humanitarians and military actors, additional, temporary capacity is required to advance rapidly on UN- CMCoord training objectives.
Main partners and stakeholders in the field:
• There are more than 50 partners involved in implementation of the Humanitarian Response Plan 2020 from the UN and INGO community, and a significant number of national NGOs as well, particularly at regional level.
• Humanitarian coordination hubs have been established in Centre Nord, Sahel, Nord and East regions in order to support more efficient and quality response to increasing humanitarian needs.
• National and local authorities, including the Ministry for Women, National Solidarity, the Family and Humanitarian Action and the National Council for Emergency Response and Rehabilitation (CONASUR) and its counterparts at regional, provincial and lower levels.
• Security and Defence Forces, including the Army, Gendarmerie and Police, as well as associated forces.
What is the staffing plan to continue the work (if applicable) of the deployee, after the surge support period?
As the request for the Standby Partner responds to a specific need to be addressed with temporary additional capacity, the need for continued, dedicated capacity within the Country Office is not foreseen once the specific results of the deployment are achieved. Notwithstanding, further volatility and deterioration of the security situation and humanitarian access could prompt additional needs for UN-CMCoord capacity within the Country Office in future.
What is the approximate percentage of time spent on duty travel and to which locations?
(if duty travel within the country/region is expected, all associated costs are to be covered by the requesting OCHA office):
(e.g. visa on arrival, type of visa required, letter of invitation required, timeframe for obtaining visa, any other useful information. Note that SBP deployees are not UNLP holders, travelling with national passports only):
• Visas can be obtained on arrival in Burkina Faso with a support letter from OCHA / UNDP (this will be provided);
• Conversion of the visa on arrival to multi-entry longer-term visa can be secured in country. Alternately, Burkina Faso visa can be obtained at Embassies and Consulates.
• There is no mandatory COVID-19 related quarantine or self-isolation upon arrival in Burkina Faso provided that the traveler has a negative PCR result dated within 5 days of arrival (most airlines are now requiring proof of negative PCR before passengers are allowed to board).
R&R cycle and location/destination: N/A
Overall security situation summary, main threats and specific security level at all locations relevant to the deployment, infrastructure and staff well-being (Note that SBPs are deployed with UN Expert on Mission status and are to be included in all security plans and arrangements):
- Northern areas of Burkina Faso, including Centre Nord region: Level 5 (High)
- Central Burkina Faso, including the capital Ouagadougou: Level 2 (Low)
SSAFE training required: No. If yes, arrangements for attendance:
- BSAFE training required Living conditions:
- As most UN offices have opened offices in Kaya since July 2019, most UN staff remain in hotel accommodation for the medium-term; however, standard arrangements include staff renting homes that comply with residential security requirements. Access to markets / basic comforts is available.
- UNDSS has identified and vetted hotels that meet Residential Security Standards and the list is regularly updated regularly to reflect the needs and ensure security and living standards
Medical requirements e.g. vaccinations:
- A Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required to enter Burkina Faso. Routine vaccines should be up to date.
- More details at https://travelhealthpro.org.uk/country/37/burkina- faso#Vaccine recommendations
Medical facilities available:
- A UN Clinic that provides medical services exists in Burkina Faso. The health services are relatively good and available in the capital city. For serious medical treatment, evacuation to Europe may be required. Health services in Kaya are limited.
OCHA’s role and key challenges:
The Country Office in Burkina Faso supports the implementation of priority activities across the five core areas of OCHA’s work. OCHA role in the country includes:
• Strengthen humanitarian coordination at strategic and operational levels and provide leadership in specialized areas of humanitarian coordination, including humanitarian civil-military coordination (UN- CMCoord); access monitoring and advocacy; and community engagement and accountability to affected people;
• Strengthen humanitarian advocacy, particularly for people displaced by conflict and insecurity and the host communities in which they find refuge;
• Support practical application of humanitarian policy and good practice, including fostering appropriate collaboration among humanitarian, development and peacebuilding actors while respecting the distinction and integrity of humanitarian action;
• Facilitate coherent and coordinated mobilization of humanitarian financing; and
• Provide high-quality information management and analysis to support humanitarian leadership and decision-making.
The main challenge for OCHA is to provide sustained core coordination and information management support while also expanding the specialized capacity it can offer in essential areas to support humanitarian operations. OCHA’s existing staff in-country have quickly engaged partners to address the most urgent priorities, including on strengthening humanitarian coordination at strategic and operational levels, humanitarian planning and financing, and humanitarian access monitoring and advocacy, as well as humanitarian civil-military coordination.
Main tasks and duties to be executed:
• Support the CMCoord Officer to conduct / refine the assessment of UN-CMCoord training needs in Burkina Faso, including among humanitarian actors, civilian authorities, military and associated forces;
• Design an initial training strategy, work plan and evaluation framework (for the 6 months of assignment) as well as a longer-term training and refresher plan and calendar (6-18 months);
• Adapt standard training materials to country-specific context and identified training requirements;
• Handle the logistics coordination for the trainings, supported by the Admin/Finance Officer;
• Plan and deliver CMCoord trainings in Ouagadougou and at regional level;
• Evaluate the effectiveness of the trainings in terms individual retention of key concepts, principles, tools
and coordination frameworks as well as impact on coherence of engagement at the institutional level;
• Archive the training materials and other documentation related to the CMCoord training activities;
• Participate in regional initiatives on CMCoord , particularly regional trainings, where assigned.
Expected outcome of the deployment
• Updated training needs assessment for the country;
• Initial and medium-term training plans and calendars;
• Country-specific training package for humanitarian, civilian and military actors;
• 10 training sessions (2 per month after the first month);
Added Value Expected:
As part of the stock-taking and strengthening of humanitarian civil-military coordination in Burkina Faso prioritized and implemented by the OCHA Country Office in 2020, the need to enhance humanitarian partners’ understanding of the role that CMCoord should play in response and applicable principles and good practices has been identified, as well as the need for systematic engagement in training civilian authorities and military counterparts at the operational level on humanitarian civil-military coordination in general and the specific protocols applicable in Burkina Faso. This has been reaffirmed through the civil society-led, country-level consultations organized in the lead-up to the Central Sahel Pledging Conference (August-October 2020). In the absence of sufficient, dedicated capacity within the OCHA Country Office and/or at regional level to meet these needs, the deployment of the Standby Partner requested will support advancement against the mutual priority of increased training capacity to enhance familiarity with UN-CMCoord basics and country-specific protocols.
Specific required skills :
• Fluent in French (oral and written)
• Experience as a trainer on UN-CMCoord