CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION
Since the start of the outbreak in December 2019, the new coronavirus has spread to over 182 countries and territories. As of 11 November 2020, there have been over 51,287,248 confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with over 1,270,080 deaths reported, including among children.
In many countries, especially those with ongoing humanitarian crises, the COVID-19 outbreak is creating significant additional pressure on the already overburdened social service delivery systems, exacerbating the vulnerabilities of affected populations. The urban poor, migrant, internally displaced and refugee populations are especially at risk as they tend to live in overcrowded settings, making it incredibly difficult to practice social distancing. These settings often also lack continuous access to basic services. Populations on the move will be further exposed to the disease as basic essential and life-saving services are hindered due to control measures, movement restrictions, border closures and discriminatory access to testing and other health services.
The work of UNFPA contributes both to outbreak control and to mitigation of the collateral impacts of the pandemic, including the risks to the continuity of essential social services for children, women and vulnerable populations. The objectives of the organization’s COVID-19 preparedness and response strategy are to reduce human-to-human transmission in affected countries and to mitigate the impact of the pandemic on children, youth and their care providers, especially for the most vulnerable. UNFPA’s strategy is in line with the COVID-19 strategic preparedness and response plan of the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Inter- Agency Standing Committee (IASC) humanitarian response plan led by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). UNFPA’s response is in line with the eight pillars in the WHO Strategic Preparedness and Response plan and includes:
UNFPA will ensure the continuity of national and local health system capacity to provide access to integrated quality sexual and reproductive health including: comprehensive emergency obstetric care, routine antenatal, postpartum care and postnatal care to ensure safe delivery, mental health and psychosocial support, family planning and gender-based violence services, including clinical management of rape, specialized psychological-social support, case management and physical protection / safety and legal services for gender based violence survivors. and gender- based violence services.
It will mitigate the impact on supply chain and logistics management for sexual and reproductive health supplies, ensuring continuity of supplies and care for lifesaving sexual and reproductive health services throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. UNFPA will also provide and protect health workers (in particular midwives, nurses, obstetricians and anesthesiologists) by ensuring that basic personal protection equipment is available.
UNFPA will provide risk communication and community engagement for primary prevention and stigma reduction, strengthening risk reduction messages and addressing needs of women of reproductive age in quarantine. It will distribute dignity / hygiene kits to ensure that women receive essential items while being provided with gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health and COVID-19 risk mitigation information.
Overall COVID-19 Situation in country:
As of 10 November 2020, the country has reported 7820 case and 165 deaths. In response to the pandemic government has taken several measures to mitigate its consequences, such us confinement, social distancing and general hygienic measures.
UNFPA and UN system supported the government in implementing its response plan, which is articulated around eight pillars. The situation is currently stable and there no movement restrictions, nor public facilities closure.CO has provided provision of PPE for all staff
Security Situation Summary in country and main threats: (i.e armed conflict, terrorism, crime, social unrest, hazard)
Mauritania is bordering Mali where terrorist groups are present, however the country has not been subject to attacks since 2011.Travelers are advised to avoid regions bordering Mali.
Crime risk is elevated in major cities particularly in the capital Nouakchott, including violent crimes such as assault, robbery, carjacking, murder as well as non-violent crimes like theft and vandalism. Despite the high number of demonstrations, the risk of social unrest is still low. Traffic accident rate is high due to weather conditions and bad driving behavior
Background Description of Emergency / Justification for Request
Several regions in the south and east of the country have been affected by floods, which have resulted in enormous material losses and sometimes fatalities. There is an increase of reported GVB cases since the appearance of the first cases of COVID-19 and consequent imposition of restrictive measures which are now heightened by the recent floods. Also as a consequence of the floods, there is an increase in the needs for overall SRH services. The most affected regions are Trarza and Guidimagha. The humanitarian response lacks adequate coordination mechanisms since the clusters have not been activated and the government has not yet declared a state of emergency. In order to respond adequately to the situation, the CO has requested emergency funds and is currently requesting additional staff to reduce workload on the local team. Surge staff will help in the implementation of current intervention and in strengthening the capacity of the CO team and partners to respond to potential upcoming emergencies including resurgence of Covid19 pandemic.
Under the overall supervision of the UNFPA CO Representative and/or Head of Office, the incumbent facilitates the implementation of UNFPA’s GBV programming in a humanitarian emergency.
GBV programming in humanitarian emergencies is multi-sectoral and involves organizations and actors from the displaced and host communities, NGO and government implementing partners, UN agencies, and other national and international organizations that engage in comprehensive prevention and response initiatives. Key duties include: assessment and planning; partnership development; training and sensitization; and monitoring and evaluation. Planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of GBV initiatives will be conducted through the use of available global guidelines and standards, and will be in line with UNFPA’s Minimum Standards for Addressing GBV in Emergencies
. In countries where the Cluster System has been initiated, UNFPA and UNICEF have joint responsibility for either establishing and/or leading a GBV coordination body under the Protection Cluster or for actively identifying and supporting another agency to take on this role. In Cluster countries, the incumbent will represent UNFPA to ensure the Fund’s issues and actions are adequately and appropriately reflected and to enable a better-coordinated response to GBV in the humanitarian setting.
MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:
The incumbent will based in Nouakchott with field visits to Guidimagha and Trarza
Programme Development and Implementation
- Conduct field assessments and/ or situational analyses to determine needs and gaps for GBV prevention and response. Where appropriate, ensure GBV issues are integrated in other key assessments.
- Map available GBV actors and prevention and response mechanisms, as well as ensure dissemination of updated referral pathways for GBV survivors.
- In partnership with relevant UN, national and international NGOs, and government stakeholders, develop a comprehensive GBV programme in line with available global guidance that adheres to UNFPA’s Minimum Standards for Addressing GBV in Emergencies.
- Orient UNFPA CO staff, implementing partners and national authorities in planning and implementing GBV programmes related to IDPs and host communities.
- Coordinate and facilitate training sessions on GBV in emergencies for health care providers, community services officers, security personnel, and the affected population.
- Oversee the procurement of Dignity Kits and other relevant commodities and monitor their distribution and utilization by the end-point user.
- Support the CO to accelerate implementation of activities funded through UNFPA Emergency Response Fund and engage with donors to raise additional GBV programme funds in line with overarching vision and work plan.
- Support the establishment of an emergency coordination mechanism if needed.
- Under the supervision of the UNFPA Representative/HFP, represent UNFPA in relevant humanitarian coordination bodies to ensure that GBV issues are adequately considered in the context of the humanitarian response efforts.
- Establish linkages between existing Gender, RH and HIV programmes to ensure synergies between existing programmes that maximize programme impact.
- Monitor GBV assistance provided by UNFPA through implementing partners to crisis-affected populations.
- Monitor UNFPA’s GBV programme activities by keeping a close record of activities, such as capacity building, expenditures and agreements made with local partners.
- Prepare monthly progress reports and document lessons learned and share with the relevant UNFPA Regional Office, UNFPA Humanitarian Office, and other units as necessary.
- Support CO on coordination of humanitarian issues and prepare reports and SitReps, as required.
- Conduct field visit if requested.
Qualifications and Skills Required
- Asses CO’s capacity development needs in GBV in emergencies
- Work with local humanitarian team for CB plan
- Advanced technical degree with specialization in areas such as social work, public health, gender, law/human rights, international relations, and/or other related social science disciplines.
- 5-7 years of specialized experience addressing GBV at the international level; experience in this field in a humanitarian/preparedness and post recovery context is an asset.
- Knowledge in MHPSS in emergencies.
- Demonstrated leadership and management experience within a multinational and multicultural environment.
- Direct experience providing support to GBV survivors is an asset.
- Proficiency in French and working knowledge in Arabic and/or English.