Background information/reason for request/extension:
The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requested US$ one billion to support over 5.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Sudan with the Protection sector targeting 2.6 million people who are in dire need of protection. The five Darfur states have a huge number of vulnerable population including IDPs, Returnees, Refugees from South Sudan as well as host population. Throughout Darfur, about 1.6 million people are living in protracted displacement. Localized fighting in parts of the Jebel Marra area of Darfur continues, and displaced some 24,000 people in 2018, and so far, over 8,000 in 2019. The ongoing drawdown of UNAMID from four of the Darfur states (North, South, East & West) is likely to weaken the protection environment due to absence of protection by presence as well as absence of patrols. Insufficient presence of law enforcement authorities in return areas is resulting in increasing number of protection incidents with a potential for new or secondary displacement. Sudan’s worsening economic situation affects displaced people – as well as the general Darfur population - by reducing household purchasing power. As food and medicine become more expensive, displaced people, like the population at large, are having to sell assets, reduce meal quantity and quality, and implement other negative coping strategies. Overall in Sudan, over 60% of IDP/Refugee households are food insecure including the IDPs & refugees.
In Sudan, GBV has been exacerbated by the conflict, as well as by inadequate living conditions and the lack of privacy which IDPs face in camps and elsewhere. Vulnerable women and girls in areas of conflict need support to prevent risks of GBV, in particular to reduce their exposure, for example during movements for water or firewood. Limited mobility, lack of information on available services and the distance to services, social exclusion and fear of social stigma hamper the ability of vulnerable people to access adequate social protection and assistance. Insecurity, low economic status and lack of livelihood opportunities, lack of community awareness on women’s rights and GBV due to cultural and societal norms also contribute to GBV risks for women & girls. The protection response has been hampered by limited presence and capacity of GBV actors including government, national and international NGOs, and UN agencies. Sudan suffers from lack of human resources with experience and skills to handle GBV cases. Several interventions are ongoing to deliver quality GBV programming in some target localities including women centers, provision of CMR services, establishment and support to community structures as well as capacity building. Sudan is also one of the 4 beneficiary countries of the Comprehensive Coordination Support to Child and Adolescent Survivors of Sexual Abuse in Emergencies Initiative’s (Child Survivor Initiative) objective is to improve the quality of and access to services for child and adolescent survivors of sexual abuse in emergencies. To ensure these interventions deliver results as envisaged, and to address the continued vulnerabilities of women and girls, there is need to strengthen UNFPA's capacities to address the increasing needs for coordination, advocacy and support to gender based violence (GBV) prevention and response activities noting that UNFPA leads the GBV sub-sector in Sudan both at national level and in some states in Darfur. The deployment of an International Sub-National Coordinator will greatly contribute to this.
Role Description: Under the overall supervision of the UNFPA CO Deputy Representative and/or Head of Office, the GBV field sub-sector coordinator provides programmatic and technical support for state level GBV sub-sector coordination through the GBV sub-sector working groups to ensure strong partnership and collaboration with the UN as well as with national/ international counterparts toward a comprehensive multi-sectoral GBV survivor-centered prevention and response. This response includes close cooperation with health, psycho-social, protection and legal sectors to ensure that survivors’ needs are met. GBV programming in humanitarian emergencies is multi-sectoral and involves organizations and actors from the displaced and host communities, NGO and government implementing partners, UN agencies, and other national and international organizations that engage in comprehensive prevention and response initiatives. Key duties include: assessment and planning; partnership development; training and sensitization; and monitoring and evaluation. Planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of GBV initiatives will be conducted through the use of available global guidelines and standards, and will be in line with UNFPA’s Minimum Standards for Addressing GBV in Emergencies and the GBV AOR’s Handbook for Coordinating Gender Based Violence in Emergencies.
MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Building and Sustaining Partnerships
• Coordinate comprehensive GBV related prevention and response activities among different actors through chairing the GBV sub sector at field level covering North, West & Central Darfur. Promote, respect and ensure that the Principles of Partnership are reflected in the day-to-day work of the GBV sub-cluster.
• Establish result-oriented, two-way communication channels between national and sub-national GBV coordination groups to ensure a standardized response to GBV.
• Proactively engage with all relevant stakeholders to ensure coordination bodies reflect the range of actors addressing GBV, including across multiple sectors (health, psychosocial, legal, security, etc.) and categories of actors (UN, NGO, civil society, government, etc.). As feasible, engage UN missions who may be active in addressing GBV, including but not limited to ensuring inter-agency inputs to the regional, annual S-G’s reports on conflict-related sexual violence.
• Regularly represent the GBV sub-sector in Protection sector meetings, OCHA-led meetings (e.g. around development of the Strategic Response Plan or for Inter-Cluster Coordination), and other relevant meetings, including those called by the Humanitarian Coordinator.
• Coordinate and collaborate with other clusters/working groups such as the Health Sector, Child Protection Sub-Sector, Shelter Sector, Food Security Sector, Education Sector, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Working Group, etc. to ensure integration of GBV-related action in their Cluster plans and to advocate for joint awareness-raising for non-GBV specialists.
• Strengthen referral pathways for treatment of GBV survivors through various service provision levels including clinical management of rape (CMR), psychosocial support and counselling, and formation of community protection networks which can support civil society initiatives to address prevention and response; this includes regular updating of CMR capacity mapping and tracking of PEP kit distribution to health facilities and health partners and addressing possible gaps;
• Provide leadership on the implementation of the GBV Information Management System or other GBV documentation as agreed at country level;
• Support capacity building and ongoing support of partners at various levels including GBV sub-sector partners and support institutional capacity building of government and other partners to establish a protection framework for prevention and response to GBV;
• Support roll-out of 2015 IASC GBV guidelines and facilitate the roll-out of GBV mainstreaming trainings as needed.
• Coordinates UNFPA activities within SLF work plan for UNAMID transition.
• Facilitate rapid roll-out of National Standard Operating Procedures, initially emphasizing development of referral pathways in advance of full SOP completion. Regularly review and revisit SOPs at strategic points throughout the crisis response.
• In collaboration with national and international GBV actors, map current institutional response capacities, including facilitating mapping of GBV-specific 3Ws.
• Lead a process to develop a realistic, evidence-based multi-sectoral and inter-agency prevention and response plan. Promote engagement of a range of sectors and ensure realistic benchmarks and timelines for achieving set objectives. Regularly monitor progress against plan during coordination meetings. Allow space for new actors to engage with plan over the course of the crisis response.
• Work with partners to continually identify response gaps in line with proposed work plan (including geographic coverage and programmatic scope) and seek solutions to fill gaps. Advocate with UNFPA as sub-sector lead to address gaps not yet filled by partners.
• Lead/ conduct field assessments and/ or situational analyses to determine needs and gaps for GBV prevention and response. Where appropriate, ensure GBV issues are integrated in other key assessments.
• Ensure GBV response is part of the ongoing discussions on durable solutions, peace building etc.
• Work with partners to develop an inter-agency GBV capacity development strategy that meets the needs and priorities of key local stakeholders to facilitate implementation of agreed state level work plan.
• Revise existing training materials according to local context and ensure partners’ access to relevant training sessions.
• Support efforts to strengthen the capacity of sub-cluster members on planning and responding to GBV in emergencies and on safe and ethical GBV information management.
• Ensure all GBV sub-sector partners and others are aware of relevant policy guidelines, technical standards, and other resource materials (go to www.gbvaor.net for the latest information).
• Provide technical support to the development of relevant advocacy and policy documents to address GBV in the context of broader gender inequality issues.
• Promote awareness of national laws and policies that inform action to address GBV.
Information Management, Assessments & Reporting
• In line with WHO’s Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies:
• Engage in robust analyses of available secondary data to ensure readily-available information on known trends and patterns on GBV for inclusion at relevant points along the Humanitarian Programme Cycle, including the MIRA.
• Consolidate existing assessments on the GBV situation and/or work with relevant agencies, the displaced and host populations to conduct relevant participatory analyses of GBV.
• Undertake and participate in new assessment missions as necessary/appropriate to determine the magnitude and scope of GBV and identify strategic inter-sectoral approaches for addressing it.
• Work with the GBV coordination groups to adopt a standardized GBV incident report/intake form and other relevant forms as necessary. Train partner organizations and other sectors in the use of this form with particular emphasis to the Guiding Principles for Working with GBV Survivors and in line with the GBV Information Management System (GBVIMS).
• If necessary, develop monthly report formats that capture relevant information and that support the analysis and evaluation of program progress and outcomes.
• Document best practices and approaches for responding to issues of GBV in order to deepen the knowledge base among relevant partners.
• Prepare regular analytical reports on emerging issues.
Any other duties
• Write monthly reports documenting progress against work plan outputs.
• Other duties as required.
Qualifications and Skills Required
• Advanced degree in social work or other social sciences, public health, community health, international relations, international law, human rights or related field.
• 5 years, as minimum, of experience working on gender-based violence, of which 2-3 are at the international level, preferably in a humanitarian context.
• Experience leading inter-agency coordination mechanisms with a wide range of stakeholders. Demonstrable knowledge of the critical components to facilitate effective inter-agency coordination.
• Awareness and demonstrable knowledge of how GBV manifests in humanitarian settings and ability to describe context-specific prevention and response actions.
• Demonstrable knowledge of humanitarian emergency operations, including the Cluster System and HPC, and roles/responsibilities of key humanitarian actors.
• Good knowledge on the GBViE IASC guidelines, GBV AOR Handbook for Coordinating-GBViE and on the UNFPA GBVIE minimum standards is strongly recommended
• Experience designing and managing GBV programmes in an NGO (recommended).
• Fluency in oral and written English is essential; ability to communicate in Arabic is an advantage.